Bacteria & Viruses: Are They Always Bad?



Microorganisms exist everywhere. Although invisible to the naked eye, they can be found on almost any surface, including the human body. Since bacteria and viruses are often the reason behind lethal diseases, people often associate them with being "bad". However, that is not always the case since as many of these organisms are vital for a healthy ecosystem.


Uncover the truth behind these tiny organisms along with how you can better protect yourself, by keeping the harmful ones at bay in the following article below.


What Are Bacteria?


Bacteria are single-cell microbes that exist in various shapes. They can thrive in a wide variety of environmental conditions but ideally in warm, moist and pH neutral surroundings. While a majority of bacteria reside in the human gut, they can also be found in plants and animals.


What Are Viruses?


Viruses are strands of genetic material surrounded by a layer of protein. Unlike bacteria, viruses are not living organisms, thus they require a host in order to self replicate. Viruses are smaller than bacteria and exhibit similar behaviors to parasites. In addition, each viral type generally only infects one particular host species.

Common Types Of Bacteria & Viruses


The most common bacteria known to cause infection in humans include:

  • Salmonella Enterica

  • Staphylococcus Aureus

  • Escherichia coli

The most common viruses known to cause infection in humans include:

  • Rhinovirus (common cold)

  • Herpes Simplex Virus (cold sores)

  • Norovirus (common flu)

How Do Bacteria & Viruses Spread?


Bacteria and viruses can spread and enter the human host in many different ways. Several direct and indirect pathways include:

  • Indirectly touching surfaces that are contaminated

  • Improper or inadequate washing of hands, then subsequently touching one's mouth, nose and/or eyes

  • Open wounds

  • Contaminated food or water

  • Being in close proximity to an infected person for prolonged periods of time

  • Inhaling droplets from an infected person when they cough or sneeze

Are Bacteria & Viruses Always Bad?


Most microbes are not harmful to the human body. In fact, they play a vital role in ensuring our survival. For example, good bacteria aids in the digestion and absorption of nutrients together with the production of beneficial vitamins and folic acid in the gastrointestinal tracts. The presence of good bacteria also prevents the harmful ones from dominating, which could result in serious infections. In essence, good bacteria simply act as protectors, preventing the body from harm by ramping up our immune system.


Although viruses are more well-known for their aggressive nature, not all are harmful. Good viruses can actually infect and destroy specific harmful bacteria in the body. They can be found in the mucous membrane lining, along the digestive, respiratory and reproductive tracts, serving as a fence against bad bacteria. Moreover, certain laboratory-modified viruses can be used for treatment purposes, bringing about beneficial properties to human health.


How Should You Protect Yourself From Harmful Bacteria & Viruses


Under favourable environmental conditions, bacteria tend to multiply rapidly, doubling in numbers every 20 minutes. Meanwhile, viruses can replicate in a much shorter period of time. Since these microorganisms have the ability to multiply so quickly, they tend to exist in vast numbers on surfaces. This translates to a higher probability of harmful bacteria or viruses entering our bodies via physical contact, resulting in serious illnesses.


In order to minimize the risk of such infections, it is recommended to practice good personal hygiene by washing your hands often, especially before having a meal or after using the washroom. Alternatively, conducting frequent cleaning and disinfection on high volume touched surfaces also aids in reducing the spread of diseases. Thorough disinfection destroys harmful microorganisms by inhibiting their growth and ability to multiply on the wiped surface. Ensuring a clean surface free from harmful bacteria and viruses decreases the likelihood of suffering from flu or other pathogen transmissions via physical contact.


Apart from frequent cleaning, adopting Spectral ClaraShield, an antiviral and antimicrobial coating, provides treated products and surfaces with an additional barrier of protection. Not only does it complement existing cleaning routines, the incorporation of ClaraShield also enhances hygiene and sanitization levels by providing continuous protection 24/7 around the clock.


Do you want to learn more about how you can better protect yourself by using products treated with ClaraShield, or have more questions about ClaraShield's surface compatibility? Contact us at sales@vivavax.org today! Our friendly team will get back to you very soon.